Collaboration is one of the four important 21st-century skills. With the pervasive use of sensors, interest on co-located collaboration (CC) has increased lately. Most related literature used the audio modality to detect indicators of collaboration (such as total speaking time and turn taking). CC takes place in physical spaces where group members share their social (i.e., non-verbal audio indicators like speaking time, gestures) and epistemic space (i.e., verbal audio indicators like the content of the conversation). Past literature has mostly focused on the social space to detect the quality of collaboration.

In this study, we focus on both social and epistemic space with an emphasis on the epistemic space to understand different evolving collaboration patterns and collaborative convergence and quantify collaboration quality. We conduct field trials by collecting audio recordings in 14 different sessions in a university setting while the university staff and students collaborate over playing a board game to design a learning activity. This collaboration task consists of different phases with each collaborating member having been assigned a pre-fixed role. We analyze the collected group speech data to do role-based profiling and visualize it with the help of a dashboard.


Sambit Praharaj, Maren Scheffel, Marcel Schmitz, Marcus Specht, and Hendrik Drachsler. 2022. Towards Collaborative Convergence: Quantifying Collaboration Quality with Automated Co-located Collaboration Analytics. In LAK22: 12th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference(LAK22). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 358–369. DOI: